Featured Topic: Asia & Europe: Encounter/Exchange

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Iraq and China: Ceramics, Trade, and Innovation
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
"Influenced by sea trade with China, Iraqi pottery was transformed in the 9th century. These innovations, in turn, inspired ceramic arts across the region." With two topics related to technique ("Blue & White" and "Luster") and one related to trade ("Spread of Innovation"); the latter discusses the dissemination of techniques to Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Italy, and England.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.asia.si.edu/exhibitions/online/iraqChina/default.htm
 
Mother-of-Pearl: A Tradition in Asian Lacquer
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Online presentation of a 2006-2007 exhibition. "In the 12th century, craftsmen in southern China refined a long-standing tradition that combined mother-of-pearl and lacquer to create sumptuous painterly scenes of figures in landscapes, flowers, and birds. This installation traces the evolution of this astonishing technology in East Asia, India, and Thailand. It explores the importance of lacquer decorated with minute pieces of mother-of-pearl in interregional trade from the 12th to the 19th century, and the development of global trade, particularly in works made in India and Japan, in the late 16th and early 17th centuries." With images of 17 related objects.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/special/se_event.asp?OccurrenceId={2DA67AF7-EBDD-4E88-...
 
Encounters: The Meeting of Asia and Europe, 1500-1800
Victoria and Albert Museum
Online presentation of a 2004 exhibition, enhanced with several resources for teachers and students. The EXHIBITION section includes panoramic images of the original exhibition, plus text and images of objects featured in the exhibition; the RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS section includes a 23-page teacher's guide to the exhibition; the VOYAGES OF DISCOVERY section is an interactive journey to the trading ports visited by Europeans from 1500-1800; the GAMES & DOWNLOADS section includes fun activities for students, including a quiz, matching game, and word search, all of which highlight the fertile exchange of ideas during this period of world history.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/1196_encounters/
 
In the Footsteps of Marco Polo: A Journey through the Met to the Land of the Great Khan
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Follows the 24,000-mile journey of Marco Polo (1254-1324) from Italy through the Middle East and Central Asia to China and the court of Khubilai Khan.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/bibliography/?id=11542
 
Trading Places: The East India Company and Asia, 1600-1834
The British Library
"Asia used to be known as 'The East Indies.' Pepper, spices, medicinal drugs, aromatic woods, perfumes and silks were rare commodities in Europe, and therefore valuable. Trading in them could make you a fortune. And for this chance many were willing to risk their lives. There were three great empires in Asia: the Ottoman Turkish; the Mughal; the Chinese. Each was wealthy and sophisticated and had its own international trading network. How could Europe open up its own trading routes to Asia?" Topics include: World in 1600; Getting There (Shipbuilding); Bantam; Expansion; India; China; Impacts. With descriptive text and images.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/trading/world1.html
 
China on Paper: European and Chinese Works from the Late Sixteenth to the Early Nineteenth Century
Getty Museum
Online presentation of a 2007-08 exhibition presenting "works on paper from the special collections of the Research Library at the Getty Research Institute that document the fascinating story of cultural exchanges between Chinese and Europeans in the early-modern era." With text discussing the key role that Jesuit missionaries in China played in the story of this exchange, illustrated with six works from the exhibition.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/china_paper/
 
Chinese Export Porcelain at The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Online presentation of a 2003 exhibition. "Dating from the mid-sixteenth century through the third quarter of the nineteenth century, the exhibition included a wide range of vessel types as well as services and punch bowls, and two works in ivory." With images of 10 related artworks.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/special/se_event.asp?OccurrenceId={502EE34F-5754-11D6-...
 
East and West: Chinese Export Porcelain
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
An introduction to Chinese export porcelain -- objects produced in China specifically for export to the West, beginning in the early 16th century. With 12 related artworks.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ewpor/hd_ewpor.htm
 
The Copeland Collection: Chinese and Japanese Ceramic Figures
Peabody Essex Museum
Online presentation of a 2003 exhibition. "... these colorful animal, bird, and human figures are historically significant as tangible representations of the interplay between Eastern and Western cultures. Their designs reflect cross-cultural influences, and illuminate the Chinese perception of Western tastes. Produced mainly for export, these fragile figures were primarily made to order and destined for wealthy private collectors." With a brief overview of the exhibition and five objects (all Chinese), all with descriptions.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.pem.org/sites/copeland/index.html
 
Talavera de Puebla
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
A brief discussion of blue-and-white Talavera pottery produced in Puebla, Mexico, which was influenced by Chinese export porcelain passing through Mexico on its way to Europe.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tala/hd_tala.htm
 
The New Era of Ornamentation: 1350-1521
National Palace Museum
"With the establishment of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) in the latter half of the 14th century, the production of objets d'art entered a new realm. In the world of porcelain alone, as painted and colored glazes of decorative designs became more elaborate, this period may well be dubbed a 'new era of ornamentation.'" With a brief introduction plus one-page guide to new ornamentation and glazing techniques developed during this period. Six topics: 1) The Beginning of Underglaze Wares; 2) Paragons of Underglaze Wares; 3) Clear and Delicate Underglaze Blue; 4) Trade and Exchange: Porcelains with Persian Shapes and Designs; 5) Trade and Exchange: Porcelain with Tibetan Script and Decoration; 6) Color Glazes and Overglaze Colors. With 9 related objects.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.npm.gov.tw/exh95/ming/
 
Exoticism in the Decorative Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
A discussion of the influence of non-Western arts -- the designs, forms, materials, and techniques -- on European decorative arts since the early 16th and 17th centuries. With 9 related artworks.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/exot/hd_exot.htm
 
Imagining the Orient
Getty Museum
Online presentation of a 2004-05 exhibition that "explores 18th-century Europe's fascination with the Orient and showcases works crafted in Europe and Asia that vividly demonstrate the exchange of arts and ideas between the East and West." With three topics -- 1) Travel & Trade; 2) Imitation & Invention; 3) Pillement and Prints -- and seven objects from the exhibition. Six of these objects feature an audio or video discussion of the work. See the MORE ABOUT CHINOISERIE link at the right for a related essay, "Imitation and Invention: The Story of the French Vase."

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/orient/
 
Toward Modernity: Late Ch'ing Dynasty (1796-1911)
National Palace Museum
A brief introduction plus one-page guide to Qing (Ch'ing) dynasty decorative arts. Five topics: 1) Colors Dazzling the Eye; 2) Unsurpassed Dexterity and Technique; 3) Acts of Verisimilitude; 4) Abundant Auspiciousness; 5) Foreign Impact and the Evolution of Craft Production. With 8 related objects.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.npm.gov.tw/exh95/lateching/
 
Japonisme
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
A brief discussion of the influence of Japanese ukiyo-e woodcut prints on European Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters of the 19th century. With 12 related artworks.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/jpon/hd_jpon.htm
 
The Floating World of Ukiyo-e: Shadows, Dreams, and Substance
Library of Congress
Online presentation of a 2003 exhibition showcasing the Library's holdings of Japanese prints, books, and drawings from the 17th to the 19th century. Images organized into the following categories: 1) Early Masters (1600-1740); 2) Major Genres: Beauties, Actors, and Landscapes; 3) Images and Literary Sources; 4) Realia and Reportage; 5) Japan and the West: Artistic Cross-Fertilization; 6) Beyond Ukiyo-e: Modern and Contemporary Japanese Prints. The EXHIBITION OVERVIEW provides historical background about ukiyo-e.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/ukiyo-e/
 
Asia Rising: Japanese Postcards of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"Imperial Japan’s 1904–05 war against Tsarist Russia changed the global balance of power. The first war to be widely illustrated in postcards, the Japanese view of the conflict is presented in images from the Leonard A. Lauder Collection of Japanese Postcards at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston." See the ESSAY section for an in-depth, illustrated reading of the images from the historical record. See the VISUAL NARRATIVES section for a shorthand view of the unit's primary themes and images. A CURRICULUM section for teachers and students can be found under the "Asia Rising" menu at the top of the page.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/asia_rising/index.html
 
Black Ships & Samurai: Commodore Perry and the Opening of Japan (1853-1854)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"On July 8, 1853, residents of feudal Japan beheld an astonishing sight—foreign warships entering their harbor under a cloud of black smoke. Commodore Matthew Perry had arrived to force the long-secluded country to open its doors." The ESSAY section "examines graphics from the American and Japanese sides of the momentous encounter"; the VISUAL NARRATIVES section "retells topics or stories from the encounter." A CURRICULUM section for teachers and students can be found under the "Black Ships & Samurai" menu at the top of the page.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/black_ships_and_samurai/index.html
 
Prints & Photographs Online Catalog: Fine Prints, Japanese, pre-1915
Library of Congress
"The Library's Prints and Photographs Division houses more than 2,500 woodblock prints and drawings by Japanese artists of the seventeenth through early twentieth centuries including Hiroshige, Kuniyoshi, Sadahide, and Yoshiiku. ... About seventy percent of the collection is currently available online." The BACKGROUND AND SCOPE section has selections from the collection organized into the following categories: Actors; Women; Landscapes; Scenes from Japanese Literature; Daily Life; Views of Western Foreigners. Also with brief discussions of ukiyo-e and Yokohama-e prints, the latter being the images of foreigners in the port city of Yokohama produced by Japanese artists following the 1852-54 expedition of Commodore Matthew Perry (1794-1858).

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/jpd
 
Red-haired Barbarians: The Dutch and Other Foreigners in Nagasaki and Yokohama, 1800-1865
International Institute of Social History
"From the 1630s to the middle of the nineteenth century, Japan was practically closed to foreigners. The only Westerners allowed to stay in Japan and engage in trade were the Dutch. They had to submit to very strict regulations, however, and were only allowed to live on Deshima, a small artificial island in Nagasaki harbor. This is a digital exhibition of a collection of 40 Japanese woodblock prints published between 1800 and 1865, depicting Dutch traders in Nagasaki."

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.iisg.nl/exhibitions/japaneseprints/
 
Throwing Off Asia lll: Woodblock Prints of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"Meiji Japan’s 'Westernization' culminated in a titanic war against Tsarist Russia that stunned the world and established Japan as a major imperialist power with a firm foothold on the Asian mainland. This unit draws on photographs and rare war prints." See the ESSAY section for an in-depth, illustrated reading of the images from the historical record. See the VISUAL NARRATIVES section for a shorthand view of the unit's primary themes and images. A CURRICULUM section for teachers and students can be found under the "Throwing Off Asia III" menu at the top of the page.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/throwing_off_asia_03/index.html
 
Yellow Promise/Yellow Peril: Foreign Postcards of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"Imperial Japan’s 1904-5 war against Tsarist Russia changed the global balance of power. The first war to be depicted internationally in postcards, it is captured here in these dramatic images." See the ESSAY section for an in-depth, illustrated reading of the images from the historical record. See the VISUAL NARRATIVES section for a shorthand view of the unit's primary themes and images. A CURRICULUM section for teachers and students can be found under the "Yellow Promise/Yellow Peril" menu at the top of the page.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/yellow_promise_yellow_peril/index.html
 
Yokohama Boomtown: Foreigners in Treaty-Port Japan (1859-1872)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"This window on the imagined life of foreigners in Japan at the dawn of the modern era is based on the catalogue of the 1990 exhibition at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Yokohama: Prints from Nineteenth-Century Japan, by Ann Yonemura." The ESSAY section provides historical background and analysis; the VISUAL NARRATIVES section "enables the user to scroll through two sequences of Yokohama prints" -- one sequence telling the story of foreign settlement in Yokohama, the other surveying the scene through the work of woodblock artist Sadahide. A CURRICULUM section for teachers and students can be found under the "Yokohama Boomtown" menu at the top of the page.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/yokohama/index.html
 
An Assorted Tapestry of Lustrous Beauty: Export Porcelains from the Museum Collection
National Palace Museum
"The National Palace Museum is renowned for preserving the precious collections from the imperial families through the ages. For this reason, however, porcelains made for export and circulation overseas as trade goods do not appear in significant numbers in the Museum collection. Fortunately, over the years, a steady stream of purchases and donations have led to the gradual expansion of export ceramic types in the Museum holdings, thereby increasing the breadth and depth of the collection. This special exhibition focuses on export porcelains from the ninth to nineteenth centuries and also serves to express a token of gratitude for the generosity of donors." With four topics: 1) The Diversity of Chinese Export Porcelain; 2) The Spread of Ceramics Trade; 3) Rare Curios Fired to Order; 4) Exchanges in the Art and Craft of Ceramics.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.npm.gov.tw/exh99/export/
 
Felice Beato's Japan: People, An Album by the Pioneer Foreign Photographer in Yokohama
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"These photos of men and women from different walks of life catered to foreign curiosity about the 'exotic' Japanese. Most were taken in [Felice] Beato's studio in Yokohama." All images with captions transcribed verbatim from the ca. 1869 album. With an in-depth essay by Alona C. Wilson.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/beato_people/index.html
 
Felice Beato's Japan: Places, An Album by the Pioneer Foreign Photographer in Yokohama
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
A 50-image album of images by photographer Felice Beato (ca. 1833-1908) that "features scenes along the routes that foreign sightseers travelled in the opening years of the Meiji period." All images with captions transcribed verbatim from the ca. 1869 album. With an in-depth essay by Allen Hockley, professor of art history at Dartmouth College.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/beato_places/index.html
 
Globetrotter's Japan: People, Foreigners on the Tourist Circuit in Meiji Japan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"One of the most lavishly illustrated publications of Japan at the end of the 19th century was Captain Frank Brinkley’s 10-volume Japan. This unit highlights the spectrum of native people and activities depicted in this famous publication." With an in-depth essay by Allen Hockley, professor of art history at Dartmouth College.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/gt_japan_people/index.html
 
Globetrotter's Japan: Places, Foreigners on the Tourist Circuit in Meiji Japan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"View hand-colored photographs of the sights on a typical tour of late-19th-century Japan, reproduced here from a lush 10-volume set by Captain Frank Brinkley. Comments appear from travel books by 'globetrotter' tourists of the time." With an in-depth essay by Allen Hockley, professor of art history at Dartmouth College.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/gt_japan_places/index.html
 
John Thomson's China: Illustrations of China and Its People (1873-1874)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"John Thomson, born in Edinburgh, was the first Western photographer to travel widely through the length and breadth of China. This unit is a full reproduction of his celebrated Illustrations of China and Its People: A Series of Two Hundred Photographs, with Letterpress Descriptive of the Places and People Represented, published in four volumes from 1873 to 1874." With an in-depth essay by Allen Hockley, professor of art history at Dartmouth College.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/john_thomson_china_01/index.html
 
Monet & Japan
National Gallery of Australia
Online archive of a 2001 exhibit with "carefully chosen works of Japanese art [that] give us the context for exploring Monet's changing perception of Japan through masterpiece after masterpiece. ... [The exhibit gives] everyone who loves Monet's paintings a chance to understand the ways in which he absorbed the lessons of Japanese art, from his first encounter in the 1860s until the final years after the First World War." Select THEMES from the gray menu at top for text discussions with related images; select COMPARE WORKS to see Monet's paintings next to Japanese prints with related composition, design, and subject elements; and select EDUCATION for information on how to teach using this website.

Go to Museum Resource: http://www.nga.gov.au/monetjapan/Default.cfm
 
Rise & Fall of the Canton Trade System
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Visualizing Cultures
"The images in this unit portray the abundant variety of commercial, art, and craft goods exchanged in the Canton region during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Three cities became the center of the trading system that linked China to the Western European powers and the United States. Macau, the oldest, stayed under Portuguese control from 1557 to 1999. Canton gathered traders from Europe, Southeast Asia, the U.S., and the rest of China. Hong Kong, acquired by the British after the Opium War, grew from a small fishing village to a major international port during the 19th century." With three in-depth essays by Peter C. Perdue, professor of history at Yale, plus an extensive image gallery and a curriculum guide.

Go to Museum Resource: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/rise_fall_canton_01/index.html
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